Infectious Disease

infectious diseaseReport Diseases & Conditions

Mandated reporters, such as health care providers, schools and childcare facilities, hospitals and laboratories, by law must report suspected or confirmed cases of certain infectious diseases electronically through Illinois’ National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (I-NEDSS). If they do not have access to I-NEDSS, they can report by mail, telephone or fax to the Kankakee County Health Department

The following must be reported immediately by phone:

  • Any suspected bioterrorist threat
  • Any unusual case or cluster of cases that may indicate a public health hazard
  • Anthrax
  • Botulism, foodborne
  • Brucellosis, if bioterrorism suspected
  • Diphtheria
  • Influenza A, variant
  • Plague
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Q fever, if bioterrorism suspected
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
  • Smallpox
  • Tularemia, if bioterrorism suspected

pdf Full list of illinois reportable diseases

Report a disease by one of the following methods:

  1. Phone
    During business hours: (815) 802-9400
    Afterhours & Weekends: (815) 937-8479

  2. Fax
    (815) 802-9321

  3. Mail
    Kankakee County Health Department
    Attention: Infectious Disease
    2390 W Station St
    Kankakee, IL 60901

Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious and potentially life-threatening disease transmitted through the air. While it can affect any part of the body (such as the brain, the kidneys or the spine), TB usually affects the lungs. When first infected with the TB germ, people usually do not feel sick or have any symptoms, which is latent TB infection. However, they may develop active TB disease in the future, so treating the infection is important. Tuberculosis once was the leading cause of death in the United States; today in Illinois, less than 30 deaths a year are attributed to tuberculosis and the number of cases in the state has fallen more than 40 percent in the past 10 years. There are between one and four cases of active TB in Kankakee County each year.

More information:

What is Tuberculosis?

CDC Tuberculosis Resource

Mayo Clinic Tuberculosis Resource

World Health Organization Tuberculosis Resource

Rabies is a deadly disease that can affect all mammals, and is found in all states, except Hawaii. People usually are exposed to the rabies virus when an infected animal bites them. Exposure may occur if the animal's saliva enters an open cut or mucous membrane (nose, mouth, eyes). The most common carrier of rabies in Illinois are bats. The presence of a bat in a home, or any contact with a bat, represents a possible hazard for rabies. Contact the Kankakee County Health Department immediately if there has been human or pet mammal exposure to a bat. Rabies vaccine may be needed.

What you can do to reduce your risk:

  • Do not feed, touch or adopt wild animals or stray dogs or cats. 
  • Be sure dogs and cats are up-to-date on their rabies vaccinations. 
  • Do not allow pets to roam free. 
  • Do not attract wild animals to your home or yard. Store bird seed or other animal feed in containers with tight-fitting lids. Feed pets indoors. Make sure garbage cans are tightly capped. Board up any openings to your attic, basement, porch or garage. Cap chimneys with screens. 
  • Encourage children to immediately tell an adult if they are bitten or scratched by an animal. Teach children not to approach or to touch any animal they do not know. 
  •  Report all animal bites to the Kankakee County Animal Control 

Report an Animal Bite/ Bat exposure:

Kankakee County Health Department
Phone (815) 802-9400
Fax (815) 802-9321

Kankakee County Animal Control
Phone (815) 937-2949
Fax (815) 936-4641

Healthcare Providers:
All healthcare providers are required to report animal bites to the Kankakee County Animal Control. 

Additional Resources

Rabies information from the Center for Disease Control

pdf Rabies vaccination information sheet

pdf Dog or cat bite scratch decision tree flowchart

pdf Recommendations for bat related rabies incidents

pdf Rabies post exposure prophylaxis guidance